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J. L. ACKRILL, Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione. Translated with Notes (Clarendon Aristotle Series). Oxford, Clarendon Press, VII, p. Pr. sh. Aristotle’s Categories is a singularly important work of philosophy. It not only .. Ackrill finds Aristotle’s division of quality at best unmotivated. The Categories is a text from Aristotle’s Organon that enumerates all the possible kinds of Aristotle’s own text in Ackrill’s standard English version is: Of things.

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Aristotle’s Categories

Setup an account with categgories affiliations in order to access resources via your University’s proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy. So it would not be all that surprising were he led by his sensitivity to linguistic structures to his list of categories. I would be remiss, however, were I not to mention the recent debate started by G.

There is one other interesting general feature of this scheme that is worth pointing out before looking at its details. Nonetheless, Aristotle accepted a doctrine according to which properties in the world always inhere in a single subject.

For instance, his examples of substances are an individual man and a horse. Aristotle intended them to enumerate everything that can be expressed without aristot,e or structure, thus anything that can be either the subject or the predicate of a proposition. But not being said-of is not one of Aristotle’s categories.

By focusing on Aristotle’s illustrations, most scholars conclude that beings that are said-of others are universals, while those that are not said-of others are particulars.

Second, Aristotle’s category of relatives raises interpretive issues, in particular the issue concerning what exactly his categorical scheme is meant to classify. This explains in part why he says in the Metaphysics that in order to study being one must study substance a32, a10—b8.


Despite these virtues, the grammatical approach faces a difficult question: Instead, he thinks that there are ten: He devotes a few comments to the categories of action and passion 11b1 and then has a brief discussion of one of the odder categories, having, at the end of the work 15b17— Sign in Create an account.

Los futuros contingentes y De Interpretatione, IX. The Categories places every object of human apprehension under one of ten categories known to medieval writers as the Latin term praedicamenta.

Aristotle’s Categories (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

There is a rich tradition of commentators including Radulphus Brito, Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas, ariwtotle most recently afistotle modern heir Franz Brentano, who provide precisely the kind of derivation for Aristotle’s categorial scheme found wanting by Kant.

Furthermore, questions about Aristotle’s views about the nature of some of the species in quantity arise. In other words, Aristotle seems to be classifying not relations but rather things in the world in so cattegories as they are toward something else.

The Categories and the De Interpretatione are very interesting and important works of Aristotle. Like substance, quantity seems like a reasonable candidate for a highest kind — quantities exist; quantities are not substances; substances are not quantities; and it is not clear what kind would stand above quantity.

J. L. Ackrill, Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione – PhilPapers

I have quoted the portion above to show the way in which the Medieval derivational approach augments in an interesting way Moravscik’s Modal Approach. In other words, being would have to be differentiated by some non-being, which, according to Aristotle, is a metaphysical absurdity.

So, even if the Modal Approach is a good one for generating some list of kinds, it is not obvious that it is a good approach for generating Aristotle’s list of kinds.

The ontology of the Categories is examined with a critical lens sharpened by a number of contemporary debates Loux a. The objections raised against the linguistic interpretation, however, can again be raised against the concept interpretation as well.


The answer, of course, is: Did Aristotle write the Categories? This system maps readily onto Aristotle’s own terminology, given at 1a It not only presents the backbone of Aristotle’s own philosophical theorizing, but has exerted an unparalleled influence on the systems of many of the greatest philosophers in the western tradition.

We will then realize that our answers to our various questions group into ten irreducible kinds. Aquinas seems to see the species in the category of quality as unfolding systematically from some basic metaphysical principles.

If we take the mode or determination of the subject in regard to quantity, we shall then have the fourth species of quality. On ackill contrary, it seems to me that there is no doubt that Aristotle could have arrived at a certain a priori proof, a deductive argument for the completeness of the distinction of categories … On the Several Senses of Being in AristotleCh.

Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione

And because quantity, considered in itself, is devoid of movement, and does not imply the notion of good or evil, so it does not concern the fourth species of quality whether a thing be well or ariistotle disposed, nor quickly or slowly transitory. Because these are technical notions, one would expect Aristotle to have defined them.

It may be that the questions that we in fact ask will yield Aristotle’s categories; but what we should want to know is whether we are asking the right questions.