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Las críticas a la hipótesis Gaia de Lovelock (Lovelock y Margulis , de una teoría Gaia científica partiendo de la hipótesis inicial de Lovelock: Gaia es un. La Tierra es un Organismo Vivo y Sentiente – Es Hora de Dejar de Vivir en La Tierra y Empezar a Cohabitar – Philosophical Implications of The Gaia Theory. The Gaia hypothesis was formulated by the chemist. James Lovelock and The Gaia theory posits that the Earth is a self-regulating complex system involving.

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And if we could see this whole, as a whole, through a great period of time, we might perceive not only organs with coordinated functions, but possibly also that process of consumption as replacement which in biology we call metabolism, or growth. Schneider, Stephen Henry Opponents of this view sometimes reference examples of events that resulted in dramatic change rather than stable equilibrium, such as the conversion of the Earth’s atmosphere from a reducing environment to an oxygen -rich one at the end of the Archaean and the beginning of the Proterozoic periods.

However, the environment is not a static backdrop for evolution, but is heavily influenced by the presence of living organisms. Retrieved August 27, Archived from the original on February 23, Lovelock suggested detecting such combinations in other planets’ atmospheres as a relatively reliable and cheap way to detect life.

Gaia hypothesis

Of Homeostatic Gaia, Kirchner recognised two alternatives. Glossary Index Climate change Global warming Portal. New Scientistp. Lynn Margulisa microbiologist who collaborated with Lovelock in supporting the Gaia hypothesis, argued inthat ” Darwin ‘s grand vision was not wrong, only incomplete. The composition of salt ions within our oceans and seas are: The colour of the daisies influences the albedo of the planet such that black daisies absorb light and warm the planet, while white daisies reflect light and cool the planet.

The existence of a planetary homeostasis influenced by living forms had been observed previously in the field of biogeochemistryand it is being investigated also in other fields like Earth system science.


Biologists and Earth scientists usually view the factors that stabilize the characteristics of a period as an undirected emergent property or entelechy of the system; as each individual species pursues its own self-interest, for example, their combined actions may have counterbalancing effects on environmental change.

This new statement of the Gaia hypothesis was more acceptable to the scientific community. This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat Retrieved from ” https: An example is how the activity of photosynthetic bacteria during Precambrian times have completely modified the Earth atmosphere to turn it aerobic, and as such supporting evolution of life hipotesks particular eukaryotic life.

HIPÓTESIS GAIA by loreto cabrera on Prezi

Causes Hipotesiis caused by human activity Attribution of recent climate change Aviation Biofuel Black carbon Carbon dioxide Deforestation Earth’s energy budget Earth’s radiation balance Ecocide Fossil fuel Global dimming Global warming potential Greenhouse effect Infrared window Greenhouse gases Halocarbons Land use, land-use change, and forestry Radiative forcing Tropospheric ozone Urban heat island.

Retrieved 1 December Advances in the Astronautical Sciences. The resulting co-evolving dynamical process eventually leads to the convergence of equilibrium and optimal conditions”. One suggested explanation lies in the formation of salt plains throughout Earth’s history. Hipotesiz glacial lakes Desalination Drought tolerance Irrigation investment Rainwater storage Sustainable development Weather modification.

Retrieved 19 October After initially being largely ignored by most scientists from untilthereafter for a period the initial Gaia hypothesis was criticized by a number of scientists, such as Ford Doolittle[54] Richard Dawkins [55] and Stephen Jay Gould. According to the data gathered by the Pic du Midi observatoryplanets like Mars or Venus had atmospheres in chemical equilibrium. Vernadsky was a pioneer of the scientific bases for the environmental sciences.

In some versions of Gaia philosophyall lifeforms are considered part of gaiw single living planetary being called Gaia. Gaia tra mito e scienza.

During the s, the first humans in space could see how the Earth looked as a whole. An Introduction to the Earth-Life System. Individual action on climate change Simple living. The Earth is about to catch a morbid fever16 January Oxygen only began to persist in the atmosphere in small quantities about 50 gia years before the start of the Great Oxygenation Event.


The known sources of sodium i.

Also in the turn to the 20th century Aldo Leopoldpioneer in the development of modern environmental ethics and in the movement for wilderness conservation, suggested a living Earth in his bipotesis or holistic ethics regarding land.

Most accusations of teleologism ceased, following this conference. Lichen and other organisms accelerate gaiaa weathering of rocks in the surface, while the decomposition of rocks also happens faster in the soil, thanks to the activity of roots, fungi, bacteria and subterranean animals.

Avoiding dangerous climate change Land allocation decision support system. Lapenis, which states the biota influence certain aspects of the abiotic world, e. Brightness temperature Effective temperature Geologic record Hiatus Historical climatology Instrumental record Paleoclimatology Paleotempestology Proxy data Record of the past 1, years Satellite measurements.

A significant argument raised against it are the many examples where life has had a detrimental or destabilising effect on the environment rather than acting to regulate it. Prefazione di Enrico Bellone. In [this] new approach, environmental regulation is a consequence of population dynamics, not Darwinian selection. A New Look at Evolution. Opinion and climate change General Environmental ethics Media coverage of climate change Public opinion on climate change Popular culture Scientific opinion on climate change Scientists who disagree with the mainstream assessment Climate change denial Global warming conspiracy theory.

A Biography of Our Living Earth. Lovelock states that the initial formulation was based on observation, but still lacked a scientific explanation.

In the biogeochemical processes of the earth, sources and sinks are the movement of elements.